Jane Goodall

Jane Goodall was best known for her work with chimpanzees in Tazania, Jane Goodall had a whole other approach to way she studied animals in the wild. With patience, noted observation, and becoming nearly a member of the social organization, Goodall was enthralled with providing documented proof that chimpanzees did, in fact, chimps have a deeply rooted social structure [5].

 Jane Goodall at Hong Kong Universitypicture from http://www.answers.com/topic/jane-goodall
Jane Goodall at Hong Kong Universitypicture from http://www.answers.com/topic/jane-goodall

Child Hood


Jane Goodall was born on April 3, 1934,in London, England, into a middle class British family. When Goodall was about two years old her mother gave her a stuffed chimpanzee and Jane still warships it to this day. When she was little she was eager to be outside studding animals [4]. Once she spent five hours outside in the hen house to see how chickens lay eggs. Jane loved animals so much when she was ten or eleven she dreamed of living with the animals in Africa.[2]Her mother encouraged Jane's dream, which eventually became a reality.[3]When Goodall was eighteen she completed secondary school and began working. She worked as a secretary, as an assistant editor in a flim studio, and as a waitress, trying to save money to make her first trip to Africa.[9]

goodall_500.jpg

The Trip to Africa Begins

Jane Goodall finally went to Africa when she was twenty-three years old.[7] In 1957 she sailed to mombasa on the east African cost, where she met anthropologistLouis Leakey(1903-1972), who would become her mentor,or teacher. Leakey hoped that studies of the primate species most closely related to human animal's ancestors. He chose Goodall for this work because he believed that as a woman she would be more patient and careful than a male observer, and that as someone with little formal training she would be more likely to describe what she saw rather than she thought she should be seeing.[6]
Jane-Goodall.jpg
Jane Goodall at Africa from http://www.makli.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/11/Jane-Goodall.jpg

Living Among Chimps

In July 1960,twenty-six-year-old Jane Goodall set out for the first for Gombe National Park in the southeastern Africa to begin a study of the chimpanzees that lived in the forest along the shores of Lake Tanganyika.[8] she had little formal training, still she brought to her work her love of animals, a strong sense of determination, and a desire for adventure. In her one of her first days at Gombe, Goodall worked alone or with native guides.[1] She spent long hours working to gain the trust of the chimpanzees, tracking them throught the dense forests and gradually moving closer to the chimps until she could sit among them-a feat that that had not been achiveved by other scientists. Jane Goodall has devoted her life learing about chimpanzees. Her studies of chimpanzees in the wild made he life famous.[9] Chimpanzees had been though to be violent,aggressive animals with crude social arrangement.[4] Researchers had given chimp's numbers rather thean names and had ignored the differences in personality, intelligence, and social skills that Goodall's studies revealed. Chimpanzees, Goodall showed, oranized themselves in group that had complex socail structures. And they used simple tools -twigs or grasses that they stripped of leaves and used to get termites out of termite mounds[7]. This discovery helped force scintists to give up their definition of human beings as the only animal that use tools. Jane Goodall had a good research.[2]

Goodall-w-chimps.jpg
Jane with chimp from http://web.rollins.edu/~jsiry/Goodall-w-chimps.jpeg

Gombe

Jane has been doing research at gombe for 38 years now. Neither she nor Louis Leakeybelieved it would blossom into what it has become. Jane was prepared to go the jungle on her own, to explore the lives of chimpanzees. The Tanzanian government in 1960 thought that it wasn't safe for a young English woman to venture deep into the jungle without a proper chaperone; so her mother, Vanne went along. They had a guide and supplies to help them from the nearest small village. Gombe sits along Lake Tanganyika, and borders Burundi and the Congo. Jane was eager to establish a sense of trust among the chimps. She soon found a favorite observation point- The Peak, she calls it. The Peak overlooks most of the reserve. Looking North one can see Kasekela Valley. Jane made two very surprising discoveries during the first three months at Gombe. These observations changed what we know about chimpanzees, and our thoughts on primate (human) behaviors. Jane was very discouraged and depressed after only a few weeks at Gombe. The chimps would not let her within 50 yards of them, and she had observed very little. Jane was getting discouraged about the project. She had never done research with animals, and the chimpanzees were certainly not cooperating with her. Vanne kept her spirits up by sharing stories of newly discovered friends. Jane and Vanne soon got sick. They had heard rumors of malaria in the area, but doctors had assured them that a vaccination would not be necessary. For weeks they lie in bed with fever and very little energy. Their guide David wanted them to go to the doctor, but they didn't want to make the long three hour trip by boat. Vanne and Jane finally gave in, and were given treatment for malaria. Jane would get malaria again a few months later.
Primatenskelett-drawing.jpg
One of Jane's study of what the diffence between a human body and a chimps body picture from http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f6/Primatenskelett-drawing.jpg




Later Life

In 1962 leaky arranged for Goodall to work on a doctorate degree at Cambridge University,in England, which would give scientific weight to her discoveries. In 1965 she became the eighth person ever to receive a doctorate from Cambridge Universitywithout having earned an undergraduate degree.

References

  1. http://www.janegoodall.ca/ 12/8/09
  2. http://www.janegoodall.com/ 12/9/09
  3. http://web.me.com/uromastyx.studio/WIC/bio/JaneGoodall.html 12/10/09
  4. http://www.notablebiographies.com/Gi-He/Goodall-Jane.html 12/8/09
  5. http://www.jane-goodall.com/ 12/9/09
  6. http://animal.discovery.com/fansites/janegoodall/heroes/jane/jane.html 12/14/09
  7. http://www.rootsandshoots.org/resource/images/news/pressroom/JaneGoodall_Biography300words.pdf 12/13/09
  8. http://www.webster.edu/~woolflm/janegoodall.html 12/11/09
  9. http://www.biographyshelf.com/jane_goodall_biography.html12/12/0912/12/09